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Sep 26, 2022

Willow Tree: Risk Modeling for RFR under LIBOR

As financial markets transition from IBOR to SOFR, new valuation methodologies are emerging to replace the ones used to model forward-looking rates. For banks and asset managers using tree valuation to price interest rate contracts, especially those with early termination right by either holder and/or issuer, the Willow Tree method can relieve some of the challenges presented by other models.

May 18, 2022

Challenges & Future Developments for LIBOR Transition for ALM

In the years following the 2008 financial crisis, manipulation attempts by LIBOR panel banks, false reporting, and declining liquidity in interbank funding markets generated doubt in LIBOR benchmark rates, and ultimately led to plans for their replacement with more reliable benchmarks. Without backing by underlying transactions, LIBOR depended more on expert judgment than quantifying true bank funding cost, and huge volumes of derivatives and cash products referencing it was a concern. Alarmed regulators established new benchmark regulation (BMR), and alternative reference rates (ARR) or risk-free rates (RFR) that comply with the BMR were developed and recommended by national working groups of several jurisdictions.

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